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53rd Wing executes combined WSEP integrating COMBAT HAMMER, ARCHER, and SHIELD

  • Published
  • By 1st Lt Lindsey Heflin
  • 53rd Wing

The 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group conducted the largest maritime Weapons System Evaluation Program April 7-15, 2022. This WSEP iteration included COMBAT ARCHER, COMBAT HAMMER, and COMBAT SHIELD where squadrons were evaluated on their ability to conduct air-to-air and air-to-ground operations along with assessing the electronic warfare systems of the A-10 Thunderbolt II. 

Ten A-10s from the 74th Fighter Squadron participated in all three combat exercises, and were evaluated on Maverick and Laser Guided Weapon capabilities against maritime targets, providing a unique tactical problem that simulates employment against complex adversaries. During the COMBAT HAMMER portion of WSEP the 1st Special Operations Wing integrated with the 74th FS assisting with target acquisition.

“Being an ISR platform, the U-28 has a unique set of tools that has the ability to form a synergistic effect with our fighter aircraft counterparts,” said U.S. Air Force Capt. Evaldo De Armas, a U-28 A Draco instructor pilot with the 1st SOW. “Any opportunity to leverage training and integration with the greater Air Force, especially close to home is a valuable commodity.”

Executing operational test objectives, the 422nd Test and Evaluation Squadron also took part in the maritime event with three A-10s from Nellis AFB, Nevada. The pilots shot AGR-20 rockets against a myriad of targets with the goal to develop standoff tactics to further increase survivability in engagements similar to the exercise environment.

“This is an extremely rare opportunity, as live air to surface weapons ranges with real maritime targets are uncommon,” said U.S. Air Force Maj. Randall Ott, program manager with the 59th TES. "Maritime targets are expected in several tactical environments, and being able to prosecute many of them quickly is important to several Combatant Commanders. Our primary goal was to validate assumptions, refine TTPs, and ensure we disseminate this information to Combatant Commanders and CAF A-10 squadrons.”

Three B-1 Lancers from the 34th Bomb Squadron also participated in COMBAT HAMMER, testing specific Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile employment parameters and the correlation to weapon impact timing.

“The overall intent was to better understand all phases of flight to validate previous data points and confirm assumed data points,” said U.S. Air Force Capt. Ryan McEwen, a B-1B instructor weapon systems officer with the 34th BS. “Overall the test was successful and has potential implications for various Combat Air Force aircraft. The data we gathered will be used to create a Flash Tactics Bulletin that will be applicable to all aircraft that employ JASSM.”

Also taking part in WSEP, MQ-9 Reapers and crews from the 12th Special Operation Squadron and the 3rd SOS built off the 556th TES’s successful test back in 2021 by adding a weapons element with the intent to deploy with minimal equipment and personnel to execute operations.

“We are executing a completely new tactic from a logistics standpoint,” said U.S. Air Force Maj. Nathan Tesch, MQ-9 lead evaluator with the 86th Fighter Weapons Squadron. “Auto Takeoff and Land Capability will allow for force projection of the MQ-9. We are moving to a leaner setup and not using established footprints for extended operations. We need to be able to move at a moment’s notice and have to train our MQ-9 crews to the new capabilities for the effect.”

During the evaluation, the crews were able to identify deficiency in the technical orders for weapons build allowing for an update to the tactic of rapid deployment of MQ-9s.

“We are seeing a shift in priorities to focus on near peer capabilities in different theaters,” said U.S. Air Force Lt Col. Stephen Cline, commander of the 86th FWS Detachment 1. “This may very well be the last time we ever conduct a maritime WSEP of this magnitude in the Gulf of Mexico.”

All combat evaluation programs fall under Combat Air Force Plan 53, which evaluates the reliability, maintainability, suitability, accuracy, and readiness of complete fielded combat weapons systems against realistic threats and targets when employed by the operational air force


For more information, contact 1st Lt Lindsey Heflin, Public Affairs Advisor for the 53rd Wing at 850-598-3283 or

The 53rd Wing provides tactical advantage to the warfighter at the speed of relevance. By testing new operational capabilities and evaluating fielded capabilities, the 53rd Wing is bringing the future faster while answering the warfighter’s demands for integrated, multi-domain capabilities.